DIET: Largely vegetarian, but always appreciates meat.
acorns, and pine seeds are the bears main diet. Honey is sought as a
AVERAGE LENGTH: 5-6 ft.
AVERAGE WEIGHT: 240-600 lbs
This is the only bear native to Michigan.
These large powerful animals are still common in dense forests
a thick underbrush where human interference is still low; as a
Black Bears are as shy of people, as people are afraid of them!
rely on their nose, more so than their ears and eyes to find food
avoid danger. Their thick fur coat is mostly black or dark brown, often
with a V-shaped whitish throat patch. Each large foot has five toes with
that are always out.
Mating takes place during early summer, but the embryo does
not start to
grow until the cow starts her winter dormancy, so in January or
the cubs are born (two is the average size litter). Newborn cubs are
tiny especially compared to the adults; their average size is 10 ounces,
roughly the size of a small rat.
During warm weather the bears rest under a shady shrub or
branch, but as
winter approaches they seek out a simple den to spend the cold
Inside this den the ground is covered with moss, grass or leaves.
store an enormous amount of fat during the fall to get ready for winter.
From early November to mid-April they hibernate without eating or
thing; their heart rate goes from 40 to 10 beats per minute and
temperature drops from 100 F to 91 F. This small drop in body
the bear to survive the winter on fat reserves alone.